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托福阅读真题演练,双语商量注明脸型决定特性

文章作者:牛竞技网页版 上传时间:2019-05-15

牛竞技网页版 1如何给人留下良好第一印象

If you’re a man who struggles to get his own way at home, it may be down to the shape of your face。

下面是培臻教育小编为大家整理的一篇关于托福阅读真题练习:声音的特质的文章,供大家参考,下面是详细内容。

Each time you pick up the phone and chat with a new person, that stranger is subconciously judging you from your first "hello." Don't get mad: you, too, are judging them. New research indicates that we begin to form first impressions based on how someone says "hello," ScienceNOW reports—specifically, on how the tone of their voice sounds.

如果你是个在家总坚持自己个性的男人其原因可能是你的脸型使然。

A number of factors related to the voice reveal thepersonality of the speaker. The first is the broad area of communication, whichincludes imparting information by use of language, communicating with a groupor an individual, and specialized communication through performance. A personconveys thoughts and ideas through choice of words, by a tone of voice that ispleasant or unpleasant, gentle or harsh, by the rhythm that is inherent withinthe language itself, and by speech rhythms that are flowing and regular oruneven and hesitant, and finally, by the pitch and melody of the utterance.When speaking before a group, a person's tone may indicate unsureness orfright, confidence or calm. At interpersonal levels, the tone may reflect ideasand feelings over and above the words chosen, or may belie them. Here theconversant's tone can consciously or unconsciously reflect intuitive sympathyor antipathy, lack of concern or interest, fatigue, anxiety, enthusiasm orexcitement, all of which are usually discernible by the acute listener. Publicperformance is a manner of communication that is highly specialized with itsown techniques for obtaining effects by voice and /or gesture. The motivationderived from the text, and in the case of singing, the music, in combinationwith the performer's skills, personality, and ability to create empathy willdetermine the success of artistic, political, or pedagogic communication.

每当你和一个陌生人通过电话聊天,他下意识地会根据你的第一句“哈啰”来评价你。别生气:你也是这样评价他们的。《今日科学》杂志报道称,新研究表明我们根据别人是如何说“哈啰”,即问好的方式,迅速形成第一印象------具体地来说,是根据他们的声调。

Men with narrower skulls are less likely to be regarded as dominant than those with wider ones, a study has found。

Second, the voice gives psychological clues to aperson's self-image, perception of others, and emotional health. Self-image canbe indicated by a tone of voice that is confident, pretentious, shy,aggressive, outgoing, or exuberant, to name only a few personality traits. Alsothe sound may give a clue to the facade or mask of that person, for example, ashy person hiding behind an overconfident front. How a speaker perceives thelistener's receptiveness, interest, or sympathy in any given conversation candrastically alter the tone of presentation, by encouraging or discouraging thespeaker. Emotional health is evidenced in the voice by free and melodic soundsof the happy, by constricted and harsh sound of the angry, and by dull andlethargic qualities of the depressed.

Researchers in the U.K. recruited around 60 undergraduate students—half male, half female—and recorded them reading a short passage in a non-descript voice, ScienceNOW describes. The team edited down the recordings, leaving only the part where the students picked up the phone and said "hello." They then asked over 300 other students to listen to the recordings of that single word and asked to give an impression of the unseen person speaking it, such as how trustworthy they thought that person was or how warm their personality sounded. (ScienceNOW provides links for listening to both a supposedly trustworthy and an untrustworthy person say "hello.")

研究发现,脸型窄的男性不像脸型宽的男性那样强势。

题目:

《今日科学》报道称,英国的研究人员调查者雇用了60名本科生——其中男女各一半——请他们用非描述性声音朗读一小段话,并录音。调查团队对录音进行剪辑,只留下学生拿起电话说“你好”那部分。然后,他们另外邀请了300多名学生听“哈罗”的录音,请他们给出对这个尚未谋面的说话者的印象,例如此人是否可靠或者性格是否温和。(《今日科学》提供链接,让人听听被猜想为是可靠和不可靠的人是如何说“哈罗”的)。

牛竞技网页版,Psychologists from Stirling University asked volunteers to look at photographs of students with neutral expressions and rate the dominance of their personality。

  1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

The students didn't hesitate to make judgements about the speakers at the other end of the line, and on average their assessments of those individuals' personalities converged, ScienceNOW reprots. Here's more on those findings:

斯特灵大学的心理学家们要求志愿者们观看学生们面带自然表情所拍摄的照片,并选出偏向强势型的人。

(A) The function of the voice in performance

《今日科学》表示,学生听完后,毫不犹豫地就对说话者作出判断;大多数人对同一个声音作出的判断大致相同。更多的发现:

They also photographed the volunteers and asked them to fill out a questionnaire about their own levels of authority。

(B) The connection between voice and personality

Men who raised the tone of their voices, and women who alternated the pitch of their voices were rated as more trustworthy. Men with lower pitched voices were generally perceived as more dominant. But the opposite was true for women: Those with higher average pitch were rated as more dominant。

他们还拍摄了志愿者们的照片,要求他们填写一份调查问卷,对自己的威信进行评价。

(C) Communication styles

一般来说,大家觉得提高声调的男性和交替音调的女性更可靠。音调低沉的男性比较强势,而女性则相反,大家认为音调高的女性更强势。

The research revealed a strong link between the breadth of a man’s face compared to its height, and how dominant he was considered by himself and others. The same could not be said of women。

(D) The production of speech

Our vocal tones, the resarchers conclude, are just one more trait on the list of things we are judged by—and use to judge—each time we encounter a new person, even if we have no control over some of those traits.

经研究表明,相对脸型的长短而言,脸型的宽度更能突出男人偏强势的个性特质,自己认为自己是偏强势型人,别人也认为自己是偏强势型人。对于女性而言却并非如此。

  1. What does the author mean by stating that,"At interpersonal levels, tone may reflect ideas and

调查者总结说,音调是人们用于相互评价的特征之一:每当我们遇上一个新朋友,别人就会根据音调评价我们——我们也会根据音调评价对方——即使我们无法控制其中一些特征。

Writing in the journal Personality and Individual Differences, the study’s lead author Viktoria Mileva said that others’ perceptionn of men with broad faces could lead them to believe they are dominant。

feelings over and above the words chosen"(lines 9-10)?

(沪江英语)

据发表在《个性与个体差异》杂志上的这项研究的主作者维多利亚·米列娃说,他人觉得脸宽的人更强势,这会让本人也相信这种观点。

(A) Feelings are expressed with different wordsthan ideas are.

But she added: ‘It is also possible that men with a higher width to height ratio act inherently more dominant, perhaps as a result of increased testosterone.’

(B) The tone of voice can carry information beyondthe meaning of words.

但她补充道:“相对脸长的男性,脸型宽的男性也有可能生来就属于偏强势型的人,这也许是由于睾丸素增加的原因。

(C)A high tone of voice reflects an emotionalcommunication.

'One potential mechanism which may explain why fWHR affects male self-perceptions of dominance is how others behave towards them。

(D) Feelings are more difficult to express thanideas.

“脸型长宽比会影响男人对自己强势与否的自我看法,这一现象可能是因为别人的行为造成的。”

  1. The word "Here" in line 10 refers to

‘If certain behavioural qualities which signal dominance, such as achievement drive, aggression and trustworthiness are visible in people’s faces through their fWHR, as our study one suggests, then actions towards these individuals may differ。

(A) interpersonal interactions

“我们的研究显示,如果追求成就、侵略性、可信赖等强势行为特征可以从面部长宽比中看出来,那么别人对这些强势的人的相应的行为也可能会改变。”

(B) the tone

‘However, it is also possible that men with a higher fWHR act and feel inherently more dominant, perhaps as a result of increased testosterone’。

(C) ideas and feelings

“脸型宽的男性也有可能从内在特质上就属于偏强势型的人,也许是由于睾丸激素增加的原因。”

(D) words chosen

Previous studies have found that men with wider faces are more likely to be seen as aggressive, but also more attractive for short-term relationships。

  1. The word "derived" in line 15 isclosest in meaning to

先前的研究发现,脸型宽的男性表现出强势好斗的特质,但在发展短期关系上也更有吸引力。

(A) discussed

来源沪江英语

(B) prepared

(C) registered

(D) obtained

  1. Why does the author mention "artistic,political, or pedagogic communication" in line 17?

(A)As examples of public performance

(B)As examples of basic styles of communication

(C) To contrast them to singing

(D) To introduce the idea of self-image

6.According to the passage , an exuberant tone ofvoice, may be an indication of a person's

(A) general physical health

(B) personality

(C) ability to communicate

(D) vocal quality

7.According to the passage , an overconfident frontmay hide

(A) hostility

(B) shyness

(C) friendliness

(D) strength

  1. The word "drastically" in line 24 isclosest in meaning to

(A) frequently

(B) exactly

(C) severely

(D) easily

  1. The word "evidenced" in line 25 isclosest in meaning to

(A) questioned

(B) repeated

(C) indicated

(D) exaggerated

10.According to the passage , what does aconstricted and harsh voice indicate?

(A) lethargy

(B) depression

(C) boredom

(D) anger

答案:BBADABBCCD

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