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2016年新加坡市U.S.A.高校招生简章,每日用丹麦语

文章作者:牛竞技 上传时间:2019-05-13

  (二)教育类

University admissions -- A foot in the door

图片 1

  PLIGHT OF THE PRESCHOOLERS

来源:http://www.economist.com/news/britain/21711523-rising-share-pupils-state-schools-disguises-fact-many-parts-country

Apply to SAS

  How do they beat the odds?

下载音频

Choosing the school that is right for you and your family is an important decision, and we are happy that you are considering Shanghai American School (SAS)! We look forward to receiving your completed application and getting to know your family through our admission process。

  Competition for admission to the country's top private schools has always been tough, but this year Elisabeth Krents realized it had reached a new level.

[1]OXFORD: One of the world’s best universities has long struggled/'strʌɡl/to attract students from the poorest parts of Britain. That may be about to change

We have put together a comprehensive checklist of admission and government-required* documents to keep you and your family organized throughout the admission process。 Please see the SAS Admission Checklist under ‘Admission Guide’ on the right to get you started。

  Her wake-up call came when a man called the Dalton School in Manhattan, where Krents is admissions director, and inquired about the age cutoff for their kindergarten program. After providing the information (they don't use an age cutoff), she asked about the age of his child. The man paused for an uncomfortably long time before answering. "Well, we don't have a child yet," he told Krents. "We're trying to figure out when to conceive a child so the birthday is not a problem."

[2]WHILE at school, the idea of going to Oxford University “might as well have been like going to Mars,” says Varaidzo Kativhu, an 18-year-old from Brierley Hill, a town in the West Midlands. Yet now she is on a foundation year at Lady Margaret Hall, one of the university’s 38 colleges. The scheme, introduced this year, offers smart pupils from tough backgrounds who don’t have therequisite/'rɛkwəzɪt/grades a free, year-long course before they go through the regular application process for entry the following year. After the political revolts/rɪ'volt/of 2016, “I think all institutions have to ask what we’re doing to include black, Muslim and white working-class people,” says Alan Rusbridger, a former editor of the Guardian/'ɡɑrdɪən/who became principal/'prɪnsəpl/of Lady Margaret Hall last year.

图片 2点击图片报名2016国际学校择校巡展

  School obsession is spreading from Manhattan to the rest of the country. Precise current data on private schools are unavailable, but interviews with representatives of independent and religious schools all told the same story: a glut of applicants, higher rejection rates. "We have people calling us for spots two years down the road," said Marilyn Collins of the Seven Hills School in Cincinnati. "We have grandparents calling for pregnant daughters."

requisite/‘rɛkwəzɪt/

If you have any questions or need assistance with the application, please do not hesitate to contact the Office of Admission at any time。

  Public-opinion poll after poll indicates that Americans' No. 1 concern is education. Now that the long economic boom has given parents more disposable income, many are turning to private schools, even at price tags of well over $10,000 a year. "We're getting applicants from a broader area, geographically, than we ever have in the past," said Betsy Haugh of the Latin School of Chicago, which experienced a 20 percent increase in applications this year.

adj. 必备的,必不可少的;需要的

Application Process

  The problem for the applicants is that while demand has increased, supply has not. "Every year, there are a few children who do not find places, but this year, for the first time that I know of, there are a significant number of children who don't have places," said Krents, who also heads a private-school admissions group in New York.

Lady Margaret Hallhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Margaret_Hall,_Oxford

When should I apply?

  So what can parents do to give their 4-year-old an edge? Schools know there is no foolproof way to pick a class when children are so young. Many schools give preference to siblings or alumni children.

revolts/rɪ'volt/

Shanghai American School (SAS) has a rolling admission process, so there is no deadline。 However, parents are encouraged to start the application process as soon as possible:

  Some use lotteries. But most rely on a mix of subjective and objective measures: tests that at best identify developmental maturity and cognitive potential, interviews with parents and observation of applicants in classroom settings. They also want a diverse mix. Children may end up on a waiting list simply because their birthdays fall at the wrong time of year, or because too many applicants were boys.

n. 反抗;叛乱;反感

In September for the following school year beginning in AugustIn April for the second semester of the school year beginning in JanuaryPlease note that Admission decisions may not be available until all required documentation has been submitted。

  The worst thing a parent can do is to pressure preschoolers to perform--for example, by pushing them to read or do math exercises before they're ready. Instead, the experts say, parents should take a breath and look for alternatives. Another year in preschool may be all that's needed. Parents, meanwhile, may need a more open mind about relatively unknown private schools--or about magnet schools in the public system. There's no sign of the private-school boom letting up. Dalton's spring tours, for early birds interested in the 2001-2002 school year, are filled. The wait list? Forget it. That's closed, too.

working-class

How does the application process work?

  By Pat Wingert Newsweek; 05/15/2000, Vol. 135 Issue 20, p76, 2/3p, 1c

adj. 工人阶级的;劳动阶级的

Once a family has submitted an online application, an SAS Admission Officer will help them through the remainder of the admission process。 Applications are reviewed by the Admission Committee after all of the required documents are received, the applicant has been interviewed by one of our Admission team members, and an English proficiency test has been conducted (where applicable)。 We will conduct Skype interviews for overseas applicants on an as needed basis。

  注(1):本文选自Newsweek,05/15/2000, p76

Guardian/'ɡɑrdɪən/

Students are offered placement if they have met Admission requirements and seats are available。 An application is valid for the applying school year (August – June) only。 Applicants interested in the next school year will be asked to reapply。

  1.The author uses the examples to show __________.

n. [法] 监护人,保护人;守护者

When can I expect a decision?

  [A]the concern of Americans

principal/'prɪnsəpl/

Admission decisions are communicated as early as possible; however, at times availability of seats is contingent upon withdrawal of current students。 A decision can be made more quickly once all documentation is received。

  [B]the charm of the private schools

n. 首长;校长;资本;当事人

How can I place my child on your wait list?

  [C]the fierce situation for preschoolers

[3]Access is a problem in nearly all good universities, but Oxford, which is the world’s best according to a recent ranking by Times Higher Education magazine, and the alma/'ælmə/mater of seven of the past ten Britishprime ministers, gets criticised for itmore often than most.Defenders of the university say the problem lies beyond its ramparts/'ræmpɑ:t/: schools do not send it enough poor, bright candidates/'kændɪdət/. Its critics argue that the admissions process is prejudiced/'prɛdʒədɪst/against such children. As a new round of interviewsgets under waythis month, fresh initiatives are aiming to bring some diversity[dai'və:səti]to its quads.

SAS does not have a wait list but instead maintains a wait pool for qualified students。 A student can be placed in the wait pool only after his/her application has been reviewed and recommended by the Admission Committee。 When seats become available, priority consideration (not automatic placement) is given to returning students, overseas applicants, US passport holders, those with siblings currently attending SAS, and those with stronger academic English proficiency。 The wait pool is maintained for the applying school year (August – June) only。 Applicants interested in the next school year will be asked to reapply。

  [D]the economic situation of American families

alma/'ælmə/

Is testing necessary for my child to attend your school?

  2.What is implied in Paragraph 4?

n. 阿尔玛(女子名);舞女;歌女

The SSAT or NWEA MAP assessments are preferred for students applying to Grades 6 – 12。 Families are also encouraged to submit any other standardized test scores taken at their child’s present school。 Additional testing at all grade levels will be decided at the discretion of the Admission Committee。 The SSAT test must have been completed within the last year and any standardized tests such as the NWEA MAP, IOWA, Stanford, CTP4, and SAT done within the last 6 months。

  [A]The harsh way of forming a class.

prime ministers

Please take a look at our admission criteria for more information。

  [B]The high expectation of the parents.

首相,总理

May we complete applications for the Pudong and Puxi campuses at the same time?

  [C]The wise selection of the school.

ramparts/'ræmpɑ:t/

Families should apply to their campus of preference。 However, they may express interest in placement at either campus to their Admission Officer。

  [D]The difficulty of getting enrolled.

n. 壁垒;垒壁阵(rampart复数)

  Application Process

  3.The author’s attitude toward this event is __________.

prejudiced /'prɛdʒədɪst/ against

When should I apply?

  [A]indifferent

adj. 怀偏见的;有成见的;偏颇的

Shanghai American School (SAS) has a rolling admission process, so there is no deadline。 However, parents are encouraged to start the application process as soon as possible:

  [B]apprehensive

gets under way

In September for the following school year beginning in AugustIn April for the second semester of the school year beginning in January

  [C]supportive

启航

Please note that Admission decisions may not be available until all required documentation has been submitted。

  [D]indignant

开船

How does the application process work?

  4.Instead of giving their children great pressure to outperform, the parents should ______.

出发

Once a family has submitted an online application, an SAS Admission Officer will help them through the remainder of the admission process。 Applications are reviewed by the Admission Committee after all of the required documents are received, the applicant has been interviewed by one of our Admission team members, and an English proficiency test has been conducted (where applicable)。 We will conduct Skype interviews for overseas applicants on an as needed basis。

  [A]avoid the competition and wait for another year

(事业等)开始实现(get under way的第三人称单数)

Students are offered placement if they have met Admission requirements and seats are available。 An application is valid for the applying school year (August – June) only。 Applicants interested in the next school year will be asked to reapply。

  [B]give up their first choice and go to the unknown school

[4]Around 59% of Oxford’s students arrived from state schools this year. That is much lower than the 93% of pupils who are educated by the state nationwide. Yet it is not so far below the 67% of students achieving three “A” grades in A-level exams, the minimum for entrance to Oxford, who come from state schools. And it is far more than in the past (see chart).

When can I expect a decision?Admission decisions are communicated as early as possible; however, at times availability of seats is contingent upon withdrawal of current students。 A decision can be made more quickly once all documentation is received。

  [C]let their children be and do what they want to do

[5]But the increasing share of students from state schoolsdisguisesthe fact that there are parts of the country from which almost no one gets into Oxford, despite having the grades required.Figures seen by The Economist show that between 2010 and 2015, 156 of the UK’sparliamentaryconstituencies—a quarter of the total—got on average less than one pupil a year into Oxford, despite being home to 12% of all those who got at least three “A” grades in their A-levels and supplying7% of all applicants to the university.By contrast, the 20 top-performing constituencies accounted for 16% of all successful applicants, despite having just 9% of the students who got three “A” grades.

How can I place my child on your wait list?SAS does not have a wait list but instead maintains a wait pool for qualified students。 A student can be placed in the wait pool only after his/her application has been reviewed and recommended by the Admission Committee。 When seats become available, priority consideration (not automatic placement) is given to returning students, overseas applicants, US passport holders, those with siblings currently attending SAS, and those with stronger academic English proficiency。 The wait pool is maintained for the applying school year (August – June) only。 Applicants interested in the next school year will be asked to reapply。

  [D]deal with the matter more casually and rethink the situation

parliamentaryconstituencies议会选区

Is testing necessary for my child to attend your school?The SSAT or NWEA MAP assessments are preferred for students applying to Grades 6 – 12。 Families are also encouraged to submit any other standardized test scores taken at their child’s present school。 Additional testing at all grade levels will be decided at the discretion of the Admission Committee。 The SSAT test must have been completed within the last year and any standardized tests such as the NWEA MAP, IOWA, Stanford, CTP4, and SAT done within the last 6 months。

  5.The text intends to express _________.

[6]Many poor, bright pupils choose not to apply.Doing so isneedlesslytricky,particularly for those whose school sends few people to university, says Sir Peter Lampl of the Sutton Trust, an education charity/'tʃærəti/. Whereas most universities accept applications until January, Oxford (like Cambridge and most medical schools) demands them by October. It sets extra tests, which schools mustinvigilate. Its interviews are astomach-lurching prospect.

Please take a look at our admission criteria for more information。

  [A]the popularity of the private schools

trickyADJIf you describe a task or problem astricky, you mean that it is difficult to do or deal with. 难对付的

May we complete applications for the Pudong and Puxi campuses at the same time?Families should apply to their campus of preference。 However, they may express interest in placement at either campus to their Admission Officer。

  [B]parents’ worry about their children’s schooling

[7]Even those poor students who do apply have loweroffer-ratesthan average. Last year one in six candidates from a poorlocalitywas offered a place, compared with one in five of all applicants.That is partly because poor pupils aredisproportionatelylikely to apply for the mostsought aftercourses, such as law and medicine.They are also less likely to get the top “A*” grades that a place may depend on.

Admission Criteria

  [C]the plight of the preschoolers

[8]The university uses increasingly sophisticated data analysis to put applicants’ academic records into perspective, upgrading the results in GCSEs (the exams taken at 16) of candidates from bad schools.It has tried to make interviews as transparent as possible, publishing sample questions online (“Should interviews be used for selection?” is one). And it haspumpedcash into sendingoutreachofficers around the country in an attempt to changeperceptions. Yet poorer children remain less likely to apply, slightly less likely to be made an offer and to get the necessary grades. “We haven’t been able to fix that with conventional forms of outreach,” says Andrew Bell, the senior tutor'tʊtɚ/at University College.

Admission decisions at Shanghai American School (SAS) are based on a review of each candidate‘s English language proficiency, demonstrated academic achievement, and developmental, social, and behavioral background。

  [D]the severe competition in going to school

[9]So some colleges are trying new approaches. One advantage of the college system, says Samina Khan, the university’s director of admissions, is that it encourages innovation. As one don puts it: “The only way to get Oxford colleges to change is to make them compete.” The Lady Margaret Hall foundation year was based on a scheme at Trinity College Dublin,which found that students from tough backgrounds with low grades did as well as their peers after a year’s catch-up. It is low risk, says Mr Rusbridger, since the college is not accepting anyone it would not otherwise have let in. Participants are nervous about reapplying, but hopeful. “I’ve learnt more in the past seven weeks than I did in the previous two years,” says Ms Kativhu.

Parents should note that amongst equally qualified candidates, priority consideration (not automatic placement) is given to returning students, overseas applicants, U.S。 passport holders, those with siblings currently attending SAS, and those with stronger academic English proficiency。 Admission decisions also take into account the balance of English language learners and other relevant demographic factors in order for SAS to realize its mission and support its core values。

  篇章剖析

foundation yearhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foundation_programme

Admission Assessments

  本文采用提出问题---分析问题的模式。文章以实例作为切入点,着重阐述了学龄前儿童所面临的困境。第一段和第二段指出家长对子女教育问题的关注;第三段指出儿童入学难这一现象及其原因;第四段指出一些学校的招生办法以及有些学生无法入学的原因;第五段指出父母应该怎么做。

[10]University College will take a different approach. Next year it plans to add 10% more places, reserved for those who would previously have justmissed outon a spot, and who come from a bad school in an area that sends few children to university. A one-month summer school willhone/hon/their skills. Tutors at other colleges are paying close attention.

The Secondary School Admission Test (SSAT) and NWEA MAP are the preferred admission tests at SAS for applicants entering Grades 6-12。 For Grades 3-5, all standardized test results from the child’s current school should be submitted – preferably the NWEA MAP assessment, if available。 For information on preparation materials and how to register for the SSAT please visit their website at www.ssat.org。 Scores should be reported directly to Shanghai American School using our SSAT school code: 7315。 The SSAT test must have been completed within the last year, and any other standardized tests such as the NWEA MAP, IOWA, Stanford, CTP4, SAT within the last six months。

  词汇注释

hone/hon/V-TIf youhonesomething, for example a skill, technique, idea, or product, you carefully develop it over a long period of time so that it is exactly right for your purpose. 磨砺

Additional Evaluations

  wake-up call (宾馆提供的)唤醒服务,叫早服务

[11]Meanwhile, outreach efforts are increasingly focused on raising attainment/ə'tenmənt/in school, rather than merely awareness of the university. Pembroke College has developed five specialist subject centres in sixth-form colleges in London and northwest England to familiarise/fəˈmɪljəˌraɪz/pupils with the style of learning at university. Since 2009, Oxford has put on summer schools for sixth-formers. It works with Target Oxbridge, a charity which aims to get black pupils into Oxford and Cambridge, and Into University, which runs “learning centres” for 900 children from poor families.

Where possible, interviews with applicants will be held。 In addition, English as an Additional Language (EAL) testing for nonnative speakers may be conducted to determine if English language support is required。 Limited spaces are available for such support。 The table below outlines the age group requirements for the SSAT and other evaluation methods。

  kindergarten [kIndE5^B:t(E)n] n.幼儿园 adj.幼儿园的, 初级的, 启蒙阶段的

attainment/ə'tenmənt/

随着国际学校的蓬勃发展,一方面学生升学拥有更多选择机会,另一方面繁杂的信息也使家 长陷入了择校困境。为此,教育(微博)在4月中下旬举办“2016国际学校择校巡展”,京沪两地近百余所国际学校将参展。欲知更多信息,详见:2016国际学校择校巡展火热开启

  figure out v.合计为, 计算出, 解决, 断定, 领会到

n. 达到;成就;学识

此外,教育为此次展会特推出针对国际学校家 长的调查,填写此调查者择校展当天可优先预留讲座区座位,调查详见:**这些择校问题你是否也遇到过?**

  conceive [kEn5si:v] v. 怀孕, 考虑, 设想

familiarise/fəˈmɪljəˌraɪz/

快速报名择校巡展入口:

  obsession [Eb5seF(E)n] n. 迷住, 困扰

vt. 使熟悉(等于familiarize)

  glut [^lQt] n. 供应过剩;充斥

sixth-formers

  edge [edV] n.刀口, 利刃, 锋, 优势, 边缘, 优势, 尖锐 give an edge to 加剧,使尖锐化;鼓舞, 使兴奋;给(刀等)开刃, 使锋利

(英)六年级中学生

  foolproof [5fu:lpru:f] adj.十分简单的, 十分安全的, 极坚固的

centres or center

  sibling[5sIblIN] n.兄弟, 姐妹, 同胞, 同属

http://grammarist.com/spelling/center-centre/

  alumni [E`lQmnaI ] n. pl.男毕业生, 男校友

sixth-form

  lottery [5lRtErI] n. 抽彩给奖法

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sixth_form_college

  cognitive [ `kC^nItIv ] adj.认知的, 认识的, 有感知的

[12]Critics say Oxford has been slow to put in place the long-term programmes working with young children which research suggests are the best way to increase participation. Several universities even run schools. But there are signs that Oxford appreciates the scale of the task. In a couple of decades, it may no longer be seen as symptomatic/'sɪmptə'mætɪk/of social immobility/ˌɪmoˈbɪlətɪ/if a prime minister passes through Oxford on her way to Westminster.

  diverse [daI5v:s] adj.不同的, 变化多的

put in place

  alternative [C:l5t:nEtIv] n. 二中择一, 可供选择的办法, 事物adj.选择性的

到位;落实到位;正在实施

  boom [bu:m] n. 繁荣, 隆隆声

long-term programmes 长期计划

  let up v. 停止, 中止, 放松

symptomatic/'sɪmptə'mætɪk/

  难句突破

adj. 有症状的;症候的

  1.But most rely on a mix of subjective and objective measures: tests that at best identify developmental maturity and cognitive potential, interviews with parents and observation of applicants in classroom settings.

immobility/ˌɪmoˈbɪlətɪ/

  主体句式:most rely on a mix of subjective and objective measures…

n. 不动,固定

  结构分析:本句是一个简单句。冒号之后的成分做measures的同位语;tests,interviews和observation属于并列结构。

symptomaticof social immobility

  句子译文:但大多数学校还是用主观和客观结合的方法:进行考试,确定孩子的发育成熟程度和认知潜能;同学生家长面谈,或在教室观察孩子的反应能力。

Quick Read

  题目分析

11:04 - 11:20pm 16m

  1.答案为C,属事实细节题。文中头两段举例说明子女教育问题成了美国家庭的头等大事,由此引发学龄前儿童入学难这一社会问题。

Slow Read

  2.答案为A,属推理判断题。第四段阐述了学校选学生的一些倾向和做法。对于一个几岁的孩子及其家长又是主观考察,又是客观考察,又是抽签,还要考虑班里学生的多样性,等等。对于孩子来讲,真是有些勉为其难。

11:20 - 11:40pm 20m

  3.答案为B,属情感态度题。全文表达了对学龄前儿童的关注,以及对他们所处环境的忧虑和担心。

Slow Read

  4.答案为D,属事实细节题。原文对应信息“Instead, the experts say, parents should take a breath and look for alternatives.”

7:12- 7:50am 38m

  5.答案为C,属中心思想题。全文的中心都围绕着学龄前儿童所处的困境这一点。

4:30 - 5:10pm40m

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Words

    更多信息请访问:新浪考研频道 考研论坛 考研博客圈

requisite/‘rɛkwəzɪt/

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

adj. 必备的,必不可少的;需要的

prejudiced /'prɛdʒədɪst/ against

adj. 怀偏见的;有成见的;偏颇的

revolts/rɪ'volt/

n. 反抗;叛乱;反感

working-class

adj. 工人阶级的;劳动阶级的

Guardian/'ɡɑrdɪən/

n. [法] 监护人,保护人;守护者

principal/'prɪnsəpl/

Sentences

Figures seen by The Economist show that between 2010 and 2015, 156 of the UK’s parliamentary constituencies—a quarter of the total—got on average less than one pupil a year into Oxford, despite being home to 12% of all those who got at least three “A” grades in their A-levels and supplying7% of all applicants to the university.

Many poor, bright pupils choose not to apply. Doing so is needlessly tricky, particularly for those whose school sends few people to university,

Even those poor students who do apply have lower offer-rates than average.

That is partly because poor pupils are disproportionately likely to apply for the most sought after courses, such as law and medicine.

has tried to make interviews as transparent as possible, publishing sample questions online (“Should interviews be used for selection?” is one)

The only way to get Oxford colleges to change is to make them compete.”

which found that students from tough backgrounds with low grades did as well as their peers after a year’s catch-up.

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